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How to configure SNMPv3 on Ubuntu 12.04

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Prerequisite: Stop the snmpd daemon
/etc/init.d/snmpd stop

-> It is essential that this daemon is stopped to take into account the users!

1 - Edit the general configuration of the snmpd daemon
nano /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

2 - Add/modify users according to the desired authentication/encryption

#
createUser user1
createUser user2 MD5 user2password
createUser user3 MD5 user3password DES user3encryption

# Only specify a particular OID if you wish to restrict the visibility of the user. Leave blank for global access.
rouser user1 noauth 1.3.6.1.2.1.1
rouser user2 auth 1.3.6.1.2.1
rwuser user3 priv 1.3.6.1.2.1

3 - Delete a temporary snmpd file
rm /var/lib/snmp/snmpd.conf

4 - Restart the snmpd daemon
/etc/init.d/snmpd restart

5 - Examples of snmp connections

snmpget -v 3 -u user1 -l NoauthNoPriv cosvgre05 .1.3.6.1.2.1.1.0
snmpget -v 3 -u user2 -l authNoPriv -a MD5 -A user2password cosvgre05 .1.3.6.1.2.1.1.0
snmpget -v 3 -u user3 -l authPriv -a MD5 -A user3password -x DES -X user3encryption cosvgre05 .1.3.6.1.2.1.1.0

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